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Bilingual TCM Terms

January 15, 2009  
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根及根莖類 Roots

中文名 拉丁名(Latin name) 英文名(English name)
1 人參 Radix Ginseng Ginseng
2 紅參 Radix Ginseng Rubra Red Ginseng
3 人參蘆 Rhizoma Ginseng Ginseng Rhizome
4 竹節參 Rhizoma Panacis Japonici Japanese Ginseng
5 西洋參 Radix Panacis Quinquefolii American Ginseng
6 三七 Radix Notoginseng Sanchi, Pseudo-Ginseng
7 菊葉三七 Rhizoma Gynurae Gynura Rhizome
8 川芎 Rhizoma chuanxiong Szechwan Lovage Rhizome
9 撫芎 Rhizoma Fuxiong Fuxiong Rhizome
10 東芎 Rhizoma Ligustici Officinalis Japanese Chuanxiong
11 藁本 Rhizoma Ligustici Chinese Ligusticum Rhizome
12 遼藁本 Rhizoma Ligustici Jeholensis Jehol Ligusticum Rhizome
13 羌活 Rhizoma et Radix Notopterygii Incised Notopterygium Rhizome and Root
14 金荞麥 Rhizoma Fagopyri Dibotrydis;Raizoma Fagopyri Cymosi Wild Buckwheat Rhizome
15 拳參 Rhizoma Bistortae Bistort Rhizome
16 北豆根 Rhizoma Menispermi Asiatic Moonseed Rhizome
17 半楓荷 Radix Seu Caulis Pterospermi Heterophylli HeterophyllousWingseedtree Root or Stem
18 金縷半楓荷 Radix,Ramulus et Folium Semiliquidambaris Cathayensis Chinese Semiliquidambar Root, Twig and Leaf
19 當歸 Radix Angelicae Sinensis Chinese Angelica
20 北沙參 Radix Glehniae Coastal Glehnia Root
21 明黨參 Radix Changii Medicinal Changium
22 防風 Radix Saposhnikoviae Divaricate Saposhnikovia
23 水防風 Radix Libanotis Laticalycinae Broadcalyx Libanotis Root
24 前胡 Radix Peucedani Whiteflower Hogfennel Root
25 紫花前胡 Radix Angelicae Decursivae Common Hogfennel Root
26 柴胡 Radix Bupleuri Chinese Thorowax Root
27 南柴胡 Radix Bupleuri Scorzonerifolii Red Thorowax Root
28 竹葉柴胡 Radix Bupleuri Marginati Bambooleaf Thorowax Root
29 胡蘿蔔 Radix Dauci Sativae Carrot
30 白芷 Radix Angelicae Dahurica; Radix Angelicae Formosanae Dahurica Angelica Root;Taiwan Angelica Root
31 獨活 Radix Angelicae Pubescentis Root of Doubleteeth Pubescent Angelica
32 土大黃 Radix Rumicis Obtusifolii Obtuseleaf Dock Root
33 酸模 Radix Rumicis Acetosae Garden Sorrel Root;Green-sauce Dock Root
34 何首烏 Radix Polygoni Multiflori Tuber Fleeceflower Root
35 白首烏 Radix Cynanchi Auriculati(牛皮消) Auriculate Swallowwort Root Tuber
36 泰山白首烏 Radix Cynanchi Bungei(戟葉牛皮消)<<藥典>> Bunge Swallowwort Root Tuber
37 隔山消 Radix Cynanchi Wilfodii Wilford Swallowwort Root Tuber
38 紫草 Radix Lithospermi Redroot Gromwell
39 新疆紫草 Radix Arnebiae Sinkiang Arnebia
40 內蒙紫草 Radix Arnebiae Guttatae Yellowflower Arnebia
41 藏紫草 Radix Onosmatis Longiflori Longflower Onosma;Tibet Onosma
42 黃芪 Radix Astragali Mongolici(蒙古黃芪) Mongolian Milkvetch Root
43 膜莢黃芪 Radix Astragali Membranacei Membranous Milkvetch Root
44 紅芪 Radix Hedysari Manyinflorescenced Sweetvetch Root
45 黑芪 Radix Hedysari Chinensis Chinese Sweetvetch Root
46 甘草 Radix Glycyrrhizae Liquorice Root;Ural Licorice Root
47 光果甘草 Radix Glycyrrhizae Glabrae Glabrousfruit Licorice Root
48 脹果甘草 Radix Glycyrrhizae Inflatae Inflatedfruit Licorice Root
49 錦雞兒 Radix Caraganae Sinicae Chinese Peashrub Root
50 甜地丁 Radix Gueldenstaedtiae Manyflower Gueldenstaedtia Root
51 千斤拔 Radix Flemingiae Philippine Flemingia Root
52 大葉千斤拔 Radix Flemingiae Macrophyllae Largeleaf Fleminggia Root
53 繡毛千斤拔 Radix Flemingiae Ferrugineae Ferruginose Pubescent Flemingia Root
54 葛根 Radix Puerariae Lobatae Lobed Kudzuvine Root
55 甘葛根 Radix Puerariae Thomsonii Thomson Kudzuvine Root
56 苦參 Radix Sophorae Flavescentis Lightyellow Sophora Root
57 山豆根 Radix Sophorae Tonkinensis Tonkin Sophora Root
58 牛大力 Radix Millettiae Speciosae Beautiful Millettia Root
59 鐵掃帚 Radix Seu Herba Lespedezae Cuneatae Cuneate Bush-clover Root or Herb
60 排錢草 Radix et Folium Phyllodii Pulchelli Beautiful Phyllodiumn Root and Leaf
61 牛耳楓 Radix Daphniphylli Calycini Calyx-shaped Daphniphyllum Root
62 京大戟 Radix Euphorbiae Pekinensis Peking Euphorbia Root
63 甘遂 Radix Kansui Gansui Root;Kansui Root
64 雞骨香 Radix Crotonis Crassifolii Thickleaf Croton Root
65 木薯 Radix Seu Cortex Manihot Cassava Root or Bark
66 狼毒 Radix Euphoriae Ficherianae Fischer Euphorbia Root
67 算盤子根 Radix Glochidionis Puberi Puberulous Glochidion Root
68 龍膽 Radix Gentianae Chinese Gentian Root;Rough Gentian Root
69 條葉龍膽 Radix Gentianae Manshuricae Linearleaf Gentian Root
70 三花龍膽 Radix Gentianae Triflorae Threeflower Gentian Root
71 滇龍膽 Radix Gentianae Rigescentis (堅龍膽) Rigescent Gentian Root;Yunnan Gentian Root
72 秦艽 Radix Gentianae Macrophyllae Largeleaf Gentian Root
73 麻花秦艽 Radix Gentianae Stramineae Strawcoloured Gentian Root
74 粗莖秦艽 Radix Gentianae Crassicaulis Thickstamen Gentian Root
75 小秦艽 Radix Gentianae Dahuricae Dahuria Gentian Root
76 黨參 Radix Codonopsis Pilose Asiabell Root
77 西黨參 Radix Codonopsis Modestae Moderate Asiabell Root
78 川黨參 Radix Codonopsis Tangshen Szechwan Tangshen
79 羊乳參 Radix Codonopsis Lanceolatae Lance Asiabell Root
80 桔梗 Radix Platycodi Balloonflower Root
81 沙參 Radix Adenophorae Strictae Upright Ladybell Root
82 南沙參 Radix Adenophorae Tetraphyllae Fourleaf Ladybell Root
83 藍花參 Radix Wahlenbergiae Marginatae Marginate Rockbell Root
84 大黃 Radix et Rhizoma Rhei Palmati Rhubarb;Sorrel Rhubarb
85 唐古特大黃 Radix et Rhizoma Rhei Tangutici Tangute Rhubarb
86 馬蹄大黃 Radix et Rhizoma Rhei Officinalis Medicinal Rhubarb
87 虎杖 Radix et Rhizoma Polygoni Cuspidati Giant Knotweed Root; Japanese Fleeceflower Root
88 川烏 Radix Aconiti Common Monkshood Mother-Root
89 草烏 Radix Aconiti Kusnezoffii Kusnezoff Monkshood Mother-Root
90 附子 Radix Aconiti Lateralis Preparata Prepared Common Monkshood Daughter Root
91 天雄 Radix Aconiti Singularis Singular Common Monkshood Root
92 鐵棒槌 Radix Aconiti Penduli Pendulous Monkshood Root
93 關白附 Radix Aconiti Coreani Korean Monkshood Root
94 雪上一支蒿 Radix Aconiti Brachypodi Shortstalk Monkshood Root
95 白背葉根 Radix Malloti Apeltae Whitebackleaf Mallotus Root
96 八角蓮 Rhizoma et Radix Dysosmatis Versipellis Common Dysosma Rhizome
97 六角蓮 Rhizoma Dysosmatis Pleianthae Sixangular Dysosma Rhizome
98 川八角蓮 Rhizoma Dysosmatis Veitchii Veitch Dysosma Rhizome; Szechwan
99 三顆針 Radix Berberidis Poiret Barberry Root
100 小葉三顆針 Radix Berberidis Wilsonae Wilson Barberry Root
101 十大功勞 Radix Mahoniae Bealei Leatherleaf Mahonia Root
102 細葉十大功勞 Radix Mahoniae Fortunei Chinese Mahonia Root
103 華南十大功勞 Radix Mahoniae Japonicae Japanese Mahonia Root
104 遠志 Radix Palygalae Thinleaf Milkwort Root
105 卵葉遠志 Radix Palygalae Sibiricae Siberian Milkwort Root
106 紅景天 Radix et Rhizoma Rhodiolae Kirilowii Kirilow Rhodiola Root and Rhizome
107 唐古特紅景天 Radix et Rhizoma Rhodiolae Tanguticae Tangut Rhodiola Root and Rhizome
108 八角楓 Radix Alangii Chinensis Chinese Alangium Root
109 山芝麻 Radix Helicteris Angustifoliae Narrowleaf Screwtree Root
110 扶桑 Radix Hibisci Rosa-sinensis Chinese Hibiscus Root
111 棉花根 Radix Gossypii Hirsuti Upland Cotton Root
112 喜樹根 Radix Camptothecae Common Camptotheca Root
113 三白草根 Rhizoma Saururi Chinese Lizardtail Rhizame
114 毛冬青 Radix Ilicis Pubescentis Pubescent Holly Root
115 崗梅根 Radix Ilicis Asprellae Roughhaired Holly Root
116 地榆 Radix Sanguisorbae Longleaf Garden Burnet Root
117 綿地榆 Radix Sanguisorbae Longifoliae Garden Burnet Root
118 雷公藤 Radix et Rhizoma Tripterygii Common Threewingnut Root
119 南蛇藤 Radix Seu Caulis Celastri Orbiculati Oriental Bittersweet Root or Stem
120 黃藥子 Rhizoma Dioscoreae Bulbiferae Airpotato Yam Rhizome
121 薯莨 Rhizoma Dioscoreae Cirrhosae Shouliahg Yam Radix Root
122 紅藥子 Radix Polygoni Cillinervris Hairynereve Polygonum Root Tuber; Hairyvein Knotweed Root Tuber
123 白藥子 Radix Stephaniae Cepharanthae Oriental Stephania Root
124 黃連 Rhizoma Coptidis Chinese Goldthread Rhizome
125 雅連 Rhizoma Coptidis Deltoideae Deltaleaf Goldthread Rhizome
126 雲連 Rhizoma Coptidis Teetoidis Yunnan Goldthread Rhizome
127 鳳尾連 Rhizoma Coptidis Omeiensis Omei Goldthread Rhizome
128 馬尾連 Radix Thalictri Foliolos Manyleaf Meadowrue Root
129 唐松草 Radix Seu Herba Thalictri Sibirici Siberian Columbine Meadowrue Root or Herb
130 威靈仙 Radix et Rhizoma Clematidis Chinensis Chinese Clematis Root and Rhizome
131 棉團威靈仙 Radix et Rhizoma Clematidis Hexpetalae Sixpetal Clematis Root and Rhizome
132 東北威靈仙 Radix et Rhizoma Clematidis Mandshuricae Manchurian Clematis Root and Rhizome
133 鐵線蓮 Radix Seu Herba Clematidis Floridae Cream Clematis Root or Herb
134 白頭翁 Radix Pulsatillae Chinese Pulsatilla Root
135 兩頭尖 Rhizoma Anemones Raddeanae Radde Anemone Rhizome
136 銀蓮花根 Rhizoma Anemones Dichotomatis Dichotomous Anemone Rhizome
137 天葵子 Radix Semiaquilegiae Muskroot-like Semiaquilegia Root
138 升麻 Rhizoma Cimicifugae Foetidae Skunk Bugbane Rhizome
139 關升麻 Rhizoma Cimicifugae Heracleifoliae Cowparsnipleaf Bugbane Rhizome
140 北升麻 Rhizoma Cimicifugae Dahuricae Dahurian Bugbane Rhizome
141 貓爪草 Radix Ranunculi Ternati Catclaw Buttercup Root Tuber
142 白芍 Radix Paeoniae Alba White Peony Root
143 赤芍 Radix Paeoniae Rubra Rad Peony Root
144 川赤芍 Radix Paeoniae Veitchii Veitch Peony Root
145 新疆赤芍 Radix Paeoniae Sinjiangensis Sinjiang Peony Root
146 玄參 Radix Scrophulariae Figwort Root; Ningpo Figwort Root
147 地黃 Radix Rehmanniae Adhesive Rehmannia Root Tuber
148 胡黃連 Rhizoma Picrorhizae Figwortflower Picrorhiza Rhizome
149 印度胡黃連 Rhizoma Picrorhizae Kurrooa Indian Picrorhiza Rhizome
150 牛膝 Radix Achyranthis Bidentatae Root of Twotooth Achyranthes;Common Achyranthes
151 川牛膝 Radix Cyathulae Root of Medicinal Cyathula; Medicinal Cyathula Officinalis Root
152 土牛膝 Radix Achyranthis Sylvestris Wild Achyranthes Root
153 天名精 Radix Carpesii Abrotanoidis (杜牛膝《本草綱目》) Common Capesium Root
154 延胡索 Rhizoma Corydalis Yanhusuo Yanhusuo Tuber
155 齒瓣延胡索 Rhizoma Corydalis Turtschaninovii Toothedpetal Corydalis Tuber
156 夏天無 Rhizoma Corydalis Decumbentis Decumbent Corydalis Tuber
157 紫堇 Radix Seu Herba Corydalis Edulis Common Corydalis Root or Herb
158 黃堇 Radix Corydalis Pallidae Yellowflower Corydalis Root
159 鐵包金 Radix Berchemiae Lineatae Lineate Supplejack Root
160 鼠李 Radix Seu Cortex Rhamni Utilis Chinese Buckthorn Root or Root-bark
161 血風根 Radix Ventilaginis Leiocarpae Snoothfruit Ventilago Root
162 黃花角蒿根 Radix Incarvilleae Luteae Yellowflower Incarvillea Root
163 蒼術 Rhizoma Atractylodis Lanceae Swordlike Atractylodes Rhizome
164 北蒼術 Rhizoma Atractylodis Chinensis Chinese Atractylodes Rhizome
165 關蒼術 Rhizoma Atractylodis Japonicae Japanese Atractylodes Rhizome
166 白術 Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae Largehead Atractylodes Rhizome
167 大薊根 Radix Cirsii Japonici Japanese Thistle Root
168 小薊根 Rhizoma Cirsii Setosi Setose Thistle Rhizome
169 牛蒡根 Radix Arctii Lappae Great Burdock Root
170 木香 Radix Aucklandiae Costus Root; Common Aucklandia Root
171 土木香 Radix Inulae Elecampane Inula Root
172 川木香 Radix Vladimiriae Souliei Common Vladimiria Root
173 大麗菊 Radix Dahliae Pinnatae Common Dahlia Root Tuber; Garden Dahlia Root Tuber
174 漏蘆 Radix Stemmacanthae Uniflori Common Swisscentaury Root
175 禹州漏蘆 Radix Echinopsis Latifolii Broadleaf Globethistle Root
176 紫菀 Radix Asteris Tatarici Tartarian Aster Root and Rhizome
177 西藏紫菀 Rhizoma Asteris Souliei Soulie Aster Rhizome; Tibet Aster Rhizome
178 廣升麻 Radix Serratulae Chinensis Chinese Sawwort Root
179 兔兒傘 Radix Seu Herba Syneilesis Aconitifoliae Aconiteleaf Syneilesis Root or Herb
180 常山 Radix Dichroae Antifebrile Dichroa Root
181 岩白菜 Rhizoma Seu Herb Bergeniae Purpurascentis Purple Bergenia Rhizome
182 落新婦 Rhizoma Seu Herba Astilbes Chinensis Chinese Astilbe Rhizome or Herb
183 鑽地風 Radix Schizophragmatis Integrifoliae Chinese Hydrangeavine Root
184 太子參 Radix Pseudostellariae Different Leaves Pseudostellaria Root
185 銀柴胡 Radix Stellariae Lanceolatae Lanceolate Dichotomous Starwort Root
186 霞草山銀胡 Radix Gypsophilae Oldhamianae Oldham Gypsophila Root
187 九頭草 Radix Seu Herba Silenes Gracilicaulis Slenderstem Silene Root or Herb
188 金鐵鎖 Radix Psammosilenes Tunicoidis Tuniclike Psammosilene Root
189 三分三 Radix Anisodi Acutanguli Acutangular Anisodus Root
190 三分七 Radix Anisodi Breviflori Breviflower Anisodus Root
191 七厘散根 Radix Scopoliae Carniolicoidis Common Scopolia Root
192 華山參 Radix Physochlainae Funneled Physochlaina Root
193 金龜蓮 Rhizoma Hemsleyae Amabilis Lovely-flower Hemsleya Tuber
194 雪膽 Rhizoma Hemsleyae Chinensis Chinese Hemsleya Tuber
195 土貝母 Bulbus Bolbostemmatis Paniculate Bolbostemma Bulb
196 天花粉 Radix Trichosanthis Snakegourd Root
197 雙邊瓜蒌根 Radix Trichosanthis Rosthornii Rosthorn Snakegourd Root
198 黃瓜根 Radix Cucumis Sativi Cucumber Root
199 南瓜根 Radix Cucurbitae Moschatae Cushaw Root
200 缬草 Rhizoma et Radix Valerianae Pseudofficinalis Chinese Common Valeriana Rhizome
201 蜘蛛香 Rhizoma et Radix Valerianae Jatamansi Jatamana Valeriana Rhizome
202 墓頭回 Radix Patriniae Scabrae Scabrous Patrinia Root
203 異葉墓頭回 Rhizoma et Radix Patriniae Heterophyllae Diversifolious Patrinia Rhizome and Root
204 甘松 Radix et Rhizoma Nardostachyos Chinese Nardostachys Root and Rhizome
205 匙葉甘松 Radix et Rhizoma Nardostachyos Spoonleaf Nardostachys Root and Rhizome
206 川續斷 Radix Dipsaci Asperoidis Asper-like Teasel Root
207 陸汗 Radix Dipsaci Atroppurpurei Darkpurple Teasel Root
208 芫花根 Radix Genkwa Lilac Daphne Root
209 瑞香根 Radix Daphnes Odorae Winter Daphne Root;Frangrant Daphne Root
210 結香根 Radix Edgeworthiae Oriental Paperbush Root
211 了哥王 Radix Wikstroemiae Indicae Indian Stringbush Root
212 白前 Rhizomae et Radix Cynanchi Stauntonii Willowleaf Swallowwort Rhizome and Root
213 芫花葉白前 Rhizomae et Radix Cynanchi Glaucescentis Glaucescent Swallowwort Rhizome and Root
214 白薇 Radix et Rhizoma Cynanchi Atrati Blackend Swallowwort Root and Rhizome
215 蔓生白薇 Radix et Rhizoma Cynanchi Versicoloris Versicolorous Swallowwort Root and Rhizome
216 合掌消 Radix et Rhizoma Cynanchi Castanei Purpleflower Amplexicaul Swallowwort Root and Rhizome
217 徐長卿 Radix Seu Herba Cynanchi Paniculati Paniculate Swallowwort Root or Herb
218 娃兒藤 Radix et Rhizoma Tylophorae Ovatae Ovate Tylophora Root and Rhizome
219 雲南娃兒藤 Radix et Rhizoma Tylophorae Yunnanensis Yunnan Tylophora Root and Rhizome
220 朱砂藤根 Radix Cynanchi Officinalis Medicinal Swallowwort Root
221 蘿藦 Radix Seu Herba Metaplexis Japonicae Japanese Metaplexis Root or Herb
222 通關藤 Radix Seu Herba Marsdeniae Tenacissimae Tenacious Condorvine Root or Herb
223 蘿芙木 Radix Rauvolfiae Verticillatae Common Devipepper Root
224 Rhizoma Nelumbinis Lotus Rhizome
225 藕節 Nodus Nelumbinis Rhizomatis Lotus Rhizome Node
226 朱蘭 Radix Chloranthi Spicati Chu-lan Tree Root (金栗蘭)
227 四葉細辛 Radix Seu Herba Chloranthi Multistachydis Manyspike Chloranthus Root or Herb (多穗金栗蘭)
228 板藍根 Radix Isatidis Indigowoad Root (菘藍)
229 南板藍根 Rhizoma et Radix Baphicacanthis Cusiae Common Baphicacanthus Rhizome (馬藍)
230 商陸 Radix Phytolaccae Indian Pokwees Root;Indian Pokeberry Root
231 垂序商陸 Radix Phytolaccae Americanae Poke Root; Virginian Poke Root; American Pote Root
232 苎麻根 Rhizoma et Radix Boehmeriae Ramie Root
233 兩面針根 Radix Zanthoxyli Nitidi Shinyleaf Pricklyash Root
234 單面針根 Radix et Caulis Zanthoxyli Dissiti Shellfish Pricklyash Root
235 山橘根 Radix Fortunellae Hindsii Hongkong Kunquat Root
236 東風橘根 Radix et Folium Atalantiae Buxifoliae Boxleaf Atalantia Root and Leaf
237 三桠苦根 Radix Evodiae Leptae Thin Evodix Root
238 金果榄 Radix Tinosporae Arrow-shaped Tinopora Root Tuber
239 纖梗金果榄 Radix Tinosporae Capillipedis Hairystalk Tinopora Root Tuber
240 銀不換 Radix Seu Caulis Cycleae Barbatae Barbate Cyclea Root or Stem (毛葉輪環藤)
241 地不容 Radix Stephaniae Epigaeae Epigeal Stephania Root Tuber
242 汝蘭 Radix Stephaniae Sinicae Chinese Stephania Root Tuber
243 廣西金不換 Radix Stephaniae Kwangsiensis Kwangsi Stephania Root Tuber (廣西地不容)
244 小葉金不換 Radix Stephaniae Succiferae Littleleaf Stephania Root Tuber (小葉地不容)
245 雲南地不容 Radix Stephaniae Yunnanensis Yunnan Stephania Root Tuber (雲南地不容)
246 千金藤 Radix Seu Caulis Stephaniae Japonicae Japanese Stephania Root
247 防己 Radix Stephaniae Tetrandrae Fourstamen Stephania Root (粉防己)
248 木防己 Radix Cocculi Orbiculati Orbicular Snailseed Root; Japanese Snailseed Root (木防己)
249 漢中防己 Radix Aristolochiae Heterophyllae Yellowmouth Dutchmanspipe Root (異葉馬兜鈴)
250 廣防己 Radix Aristolchiae Fangchi Kwangtang Fangchi; Southem Fangchi
251 青木香 Radix Aristolochiae Debilis Slender Dutchmanspipe Root
252 南木香 Radix Aristolochiae Yunnanensis Yunnan Dutchmanspipe Root
253 朱砂蓮 Radix Aristolochiae Tuberosae Tuberous Dutchmanspipe Root Tuber
254 烏藥 Radix Linderae Aggregatae Combined Spicebush Root
255 山胡椒根 Radix Linderae Glaucae Greyblue Spicebush Root
256 豆豉姜 Radix Litseae Mountain Spicy Tree Root
257 香樟根 Radix Cinnamomi Camphorae Camphortree Root
258 紅大戟 Radix Knoxiae Knoxia Root
259 茜草 Radix Rubiae Cordifoliae India Madder Root
260 巴戟天 Radix Morindae Officinalis Medicinal Morinda Root
261 羊角藤根 Radix Morindae Obovatae Obovate Morinda Root
262 虎刺 Radix Damnacanthi Indici Indian Damnacanthus Root
263 玉葉金花 Radix et Caulis Massaendae Pubescentis Buddha’s Lamp Root and Stem
264 黃芩 Radix Scutellariae Baicalensis Baical Skullcap Root
265 西南黃芩 Radix Scutellariae Amoenae Yunnan Skullcap Root
266 丹參 Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae Root of Przewalsk Sage,Danshen;Dan-shen Root
267 白花丹參 Radix Salviae Albae Whiteflower Sage Root (白花丹參)
268 黃花丹參 Radix Salviae Flavae Yellowflower Sage Root (黃花鼠尾草)
269 排香草 Radix et Caulis Anisochili Carnosi Common Anisochilus Root and Stem
270 獨一味 Radix et Rhizoma Lamiophlomidis Common Lamiophlomis Root and Rhizome
271 地蠶 Rhizoma Stachydis Geobomgycis Earthsilkworm Betony Tuber
272 蘇頭 Radix Perillae Argutae Cutivated Purple Perilla Root (紫蘇根頭)
273 糙蘇 Radix Aeu Herba Phlomidis Umbrosae Shady Jerusalemsage Root Tuber or Herb
274 地筍 Rhizoma Lycopi Lucidi Shiny Bugleweed Rhizome
275 毛葉地筍 Rhizoma Lycopi Hirti Hirsute Shiny Bugleweed Rhizome
276 紅木香 Radix Kadsurae Longipedunculatae Longpeduncle Kadsura Root (長梗南五味)
277 黑老虎根 Radix Kadsurae Coccineae Scarlet Kadsura Root
278 鵝掌楸根 Radix Liriodendronis Chinensis Chinese Tuliptree Root
279 蛇葡萄根 Radix Ampelopsis Sinicae Chinese Ampelopsis Root
280 白蔹 Radix Ampelopsis Japonicae Japanese Ampelopsis Root Tuber
281 草白蔹 Radix Ampelopsis Aconitifoliae Monkshoodvine Root Tuber
282 山葡萄 Radix Seu Caulis Vitis Amurensis Amur Grape Root or Stem
283 白花丹 Radix et Folium Plumbaginis Zeylanicae Ceylon Leadword Root or Leaf
284 藍花丹 Radix Plumbaginis Auriculatae Blueflower Leadword Root
285 紫金蓮 Radix Seu Herba Ceratostigmatis Willmottiani Willmott Ceratostigma Root or Herb
286 矮地茶 Radix Ardisiae Japonicae Japanese Ardisia Root
287 朱砂根 Radix Ardisiae Crenatae Coral Ardisia Root
288 百兩金 Radix Ardisiae Crispae Crisped Ardisia Root
289 走馬胎 Radix Ardisiae Gigantifoliae Giganticleaf Ardisia Root
290 穿破石 Radix Cudraniae Cochinchinensis Cochinchina Cudrania Root
291 五指毛桃根 Radix Fici Palmatilobae Palmate Cleft Fig Root
292 翻白草根 Radix Potentillae Discoloris Discolor Cinquefoil Root
293 地蜂子 Radix Seu Herba Potentillae Freyn Cinquefoil Root or Herb (三葉委陵菜)
294 金櫻根 Radix Rosae Laevigatae Cherokee Rose Root
295 薔薇根 Radix Rosae Cathayensis Cathaya Japanese Rose Root
296 山莓根 Radix Rubi Corchorifolii Juteleaf Raspberry Root
297 紫茉莉根 Radix Mirabilis Jalapae Common Four-O’clock Root
298 秋海棠 Rhizoma Begoniae Evansianae Evans Begonia Rhizome
299 柳樹須 Radix Salicis Babylonicae Weeping Willow Fibrous Root; Babylon Willow Fibrous Root
300 黃楊 Radix Seu Folium Buxi Sinicae Chinese Littleleaf Box Root or Leaf
301 地念 Radix Seu Herba Melastomatis Dodecandri Twelve Stamen Melastoma Root or Herb
302 朝天罐 Radix Osbeckiae Opiparae Jar Osbeckia Root
303 甜菜根 Radix Betae Common Beet Root
304 旋花根 Rhizoma Calystegiae Sepii Hedge Glorybind Rhizome
305 蕪菁 Radix Brassicae Rapae Turnip
306 地骷髅 Radix Raphani Sativi Withered Radish Root (蘿蔔)
307 淩霄根 Radix Campsis Grandiflorae Chinese Trumpectcreeper Root
308 紅地榆 Radix Potentillae Griffithii Griffith Cinquefoil Root (柔毛委陵菜)
309 赤地榆 Radix Geranii Delavayi Delavay Cranesbill Root (五角葉老鹳草)
310 紫地榆 Radix Geranii Strictipedis Angulatestem Cranesbill Root (條棱老鹳草)
311 螞蟥七 Rhizoma Chiritae Fimbrisepalae Fimbriate-sepal Chirita Rhizome
312 番荔枝根 Radix Annonae Squamosae Custardapple Tree Root; Sugarapple Tree Root;
313 杜鵑花根 Radix Rhododendrri Simsii Indian Azalea Root
314 山茶根 Radix Camelliae Japonicae Japanese Camellia Root
315 茶樹根 Radix Camelliae Sinensis Tea Root
316 陽桃根 Radix Averrhoae Carambolae Common Averrhoa Root
317 猕猴桃根 Radix Actinidiae Chinensis Yangtao Actinidia Root
318 柳蘭 Rhizoma Epilobii Angustifolii Great Wouowherb Rhizome; Fireweed Rhizome
319 月見草 Radix Seu Semen Oenotherae Evening Primrose (German Rampion ) Root or Seed;
320 金絲桃根 Radix Seu Herba Hyperici Monogyni Chinese St.John’swort Root
321 桃金娘根 Radix Rhodomyrti Tomentosae Downy Rosemyrtle Root; Rosemyrtle Root
322 白接骨 Rhizoma Seu Herba Asystusiellae Neesianae Chinese Asystusiella Rhizome or Herb
323 對節茶 Radix Eranthemi Austrosinensis South China Eranthemum Root
324 鹽膚木根 Radix Rhois Chinensis Chinese Sumac Root
325 棕樹根 Radix Trachycarpi Fortune Windmillpalm Root
326 澤瀉 Rhizoma Alismatis Oriental Waterplantain Rhizome
327 慈姑 Bulbus Sagittariae Sinensis Chinese Arrow-Head Bulb
328 百部 Radix Stemonae Sessile Stemona Root Tuber
329 蔓生百部 Radix Stemonae Japonicae Japanese Stemona Root Tuber
330 大百部 Radix Stemonae Tuberosae Large Tuber Stemona Root (對葉百部)
331 半夏 Rhizoma Pinelliae Ternate Pinellia
332 水半夏 Rhizoma Typhonii Flagelliformis Whipformed Typonium Tuber;Water Typonium Tuber
333 掌葉半夏 Rhizoma Pinelliae Pedatisectae Pedate Pinellia Tuber
334 虎掌南星 Rhizoma Pinelliae Pedatisectae Majoris Large Pedate Pinellia Tuber
335 天南星 Rhizoma Arisaematis Erubescentis Reddish Jackinthepulpit Tuber
336 異葉天南星 Rhizoma Arisaematis Heterophylli Diversileaf Jackinthepulpit Tuber
337 東北天南星 Rhizoma Arisaematis Amur Jackinthepulpit Tuber
338 螃蟹七 Rhizoma Arisaematis Fargesii Farges Jackinthepulpit Tuber
339 魔芋 Rhizoma Amorphophalli Rivieri Rivier Giant Arum Tuber
340 白附子 Rhizoma Typhonii Gigantei Giant Typhonium Tuber
341 梨頭尖 Rhizoma Typhonii Blumei Blume Typhonium Tuber
342 Rhizoma Colocasiae Esculentae Dasheen Tuber
343 野芋 Rhizoma Colocasiae Antiquori Yaro
344 石菖蒲 Rhizoma Acori Tatarinowii Tatarinow SweetFlag Rhizome
345 水菖蒲 Rhizoma Acori Calami Drug Sweetflag Rhizome;Myrtle Flag Rhizome
346 九節銀蓮花根 Rhizoma Anemones Altaicae Irkutsk Anemone Rhizome (阿爾泰銀蓮花)
347 千年健 Rhizoma Homalomenae Obscured Homalomena Rhizome
348 三棱 Rhizoma Sparganii Common Burreed Tuber (黑三棱)
349 荊三棱 Rhizoma Scirpi Yagarae Yagara Bulrush Tuber
350 仙茅 Rhizoma Curculiginis Common Curculigo Rhizome
351 石蒜 Bulbus Lycoridis Radiatae Shorttube Lycoris Bulb
352 紫花石蒜 Bulbus Lycoridis Squamigerae Autumn Lycoris Bulb
353 黃花石蒜 Bulbus Lycoridis Aureae Golden Lycoris Bulb
354 生姜 Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens Fresh Ginger; Common Ginger
355 幹姜 Rhizoma Zingiberis Dried Ginger
356 山奈 Rhizoma Kaempferiae Galanga Resurrectionlily Rhizome
357 姜黃 Rhizoma Curcumae Longae Common Turmeric Rhizome
358 片姜黃 Rhizoma Wenyujin Concisum Wenchow Turmeric Longitudinal Section
359 郁金 Radix Curcumae Wenyujin Root-Tuber of any of Aromati turmeric; Wenchow Turmeric Root Tuber
360 黃絲郁金 Radix Curcumae Longae Common Turmeric Root Tuber
361 川郁金 Radix Curcumae Sichuanensis Szechwan Turmeric Root Tuber
362 桂郁金 Radix Curcumae Kwangsiensis Kwangsi Turmeric Root Tuber
363 綠絲郁金 Radix Curcumae Phaeocaulis Blue Turmeric Root Tuber
364 莪術 Rhizoma Curcumae Phaeocaulis Zedoray;Blue Turmeric Rhizome
365 桂莪術 Rhizoma Curcumae Kwangsiensis Kwangsi Turmeric Rhizome
366 溫莪術 Rhizoma Curcumae Wenyujin Wenchow Turmeric Rhizome
367 高良姜 Rhizoma Alpiniae Officinari Lesser Galangal Rhizome
368 山姜 Rhizoma Alpiniae Japonicae Japanese Galangal Rhizome
369 姜花根 Rhizoma Hedychii Coronarii Coronarious Gingerlily Rhizome
370 姜三七 Rhizoma Stahlianthi Involucrate Stahlianthus Tuber
371 美人蕉 Rhizoma Cannae Indicae India Canna Rhizome
372 川貝母 Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae (卷葉貝母) Tendrilleaf Fritillary Bulb;Szechwan Fritillary Bulb
373 松貝 Bulbus Fritillariae Unibracteatae (暗紫貝母) Unibract Fritillary Bulb
374 爐貝 Bulbus Fritillariae Delavayi (棱砂貝母) Delavay Fritillary Bulb
375 岷貝 Bulbus Fritillariae Przewalskii (甘肅貝母) Przewalsk Fritillary Bulb;Kansu Fritillary Bulb
376 湖北貝母 Bulbus Fritillariae Hupehensis Hupeh Fritillary Bulb
377 浙貝母 Bulbus Fritiariae Thunbergii Chekiang Fritillary Bulb;Thunberg Fritillary Bulb
378 平貝母 Bulbus Fritiariae Ussuriensis Ussuri Fritillary Bulb
379 伊貝母 Bulbus Fritiariae Pallidiflorae (伊梨貝母) Siberian Fritillary Bulb;Ilien Fritillary Bulb
380 新疆貝母 Bulbus Fritiariae Walujewii (天山貝母) Tianshan Fritillary Bulb;Walujew Fritillary Bulb
381 大蒜 Bulbus Allii Garlic Bulb
382 洋蔥頭 Bulbus Allii Cepae Common Onion Bulb;Gardon Onion Bulb
383 蔥白 Bulbus Allii Fistulosi Fistular Onion Bulb
384 香蔥白 Bulbus Allii Ascalonici Shallot Bulb
385 薤白 Bulbus Allii Macrostemonis Longstamen Onion Bulb
386 藠頭薤白 Bulbus Allii Chinensis Chinese Onion Bulb
387 麥冬 Radix Ophiopgonis Japonici Dwarf Lilyturf Root Tuber
388 知母 Rhizoma Anemarrhenae Rhizome of Common Anemarrhena
389 土麥冬 Radix Liriopes Spicatae Creeping Liriope Root Tuber
390 山麥冬 Radix Liriopes Proliferae Hupeh Liriope Root Tuber
391 短葶麥冬 Radix Liriopes Muscari Kukien Liriope Root Tuber
392 天冬 Radix Aspargi Root of Cochinchinese Asparagus
393 文竹 Radix Asparagi Setacei Setose Asparagus Root Tuber
394 石刁柏 Radix Asparagi Officinalis Common Asparagus Root
395 玉竹 Rhizoma Polyonati Odorati Fragrant Solomonseal Rhizome
396 黃精 Rhizoma Polygonati Sibirici Siberian Solomonseal Rhizome
397 姜形黃精 Rhizoma Polygonati Cyrtonemae Manyflower Solomonseal Rhizome
398 藜蘆 Radix Veratri Nigri Black Falsehellebore Root
399 七葉一支花 Rhizoma Paridis Manyleaf Paris Rhizome
400 重樓 Rhizoma Paridis Chonglou Chinese manyleaf Paris Rhizome
401 滇重樓 Rhizoma Paridis Yunnanensis Yunnan Manyleaf Paris Rhizome
402 萬年青 Rhizoma Rohdeae Japonicae Omoto Nipponlily Rhizome
403 百合 Bulbus Lilii Viriduli Greenish Lily Bulb; Lily Bulb
404 捲葉百合 Bulbus Lilii Lancifolii Lanceleaf Lily Bulb
405 細葉百合 Bulbus Lilii Pumili Low Lily Bulb
406 山慈姑 Pseudobulbus Cremastrae Appendiculate Cremastra Pseudobulb
407 獨蒜山慈姑 Pseudobulbus Pleiones Common Pleione Pseudobulb
408 滇獨蒜山慈姑 Pseudobulbus Pleiones Yunnanensis Yunnan Pleione Pseudobulb
409 光慈姑 Bulbs Tulipae Edible Tulip Bulb
410 萱草根 Radix Hemerocallis Fulvae Orange Daylily Root
411 小萱草根 Radix Hemerocallis Minoris Small Yellow Daylily Root
412 黃花萱草根 Radix Hemerocallis Citrinae Citron Daylily Root
413 土茯苓 Rhizoma Smilacis Lunglingensis Poisonnutleaf Greenbeier Rhizome
414 菝葜 Rhizoma Smilacis Chinae Chinaroot Greenbrier Rhizome
415 玉簪花根 Radix Hostae Plantagineae Fragrant Plantainlily Root
416 紫玉簪根 Radix Hostae Ventricosae Blue Plantainlily Root
417 算盤七 Radix Streptopi Simplicis Axilaryflower Twistedstalk Root
418 頭頂一顆珠 Rhizoma Trillii Tschonoskii Tschonosk Trillium Rhizome
419 山藥 Rhizoma Dioscoreae Oppositae Common Yam Rhizome; Rhizome of Common Yam
420 野山藥 Rhizoma Dioscoreae Japonicae Wild Yam Rhizome;Japanese Yam Rhizome
421 穿山龍 Rhizoma Dioscoreae Nipponicae Chuanlong Yam Rhizome
422 粉萆薢 Rhizoma Dioscoreae Hypoglaucae Hypoglaucous Yam Rhizome
423 綿萆薢 Rhizoma Dioscoreae Spongiosae Spingy Yam Rhizome
424 川萆薢 Rhizoma Dioscoreae Collettii Collett Yam Rhizome
425 射幹 Rhizoma Belamcandae Blackberrglily Rhizome
426 鸢尾 Rhizoma Iridis Tectori Roof Iris Rhizome
427 唐菖蒲 Cormus Gladioli Gandavensis Breeders Gladiolus Corm
428 馬蔺根 Radix Iridis Chinensis Chinese Iris Root
429 天麻 Rhizoma Gastrodiae Tall Gastorodia Rhizome
430 白及 Rhizoma Bletillae Striatae Common Bletilla Tuber; Hyacinth Bletilla Tuber
431 小白及 Rhizoma Bletillae Formosanae Twiwan Bletilla Tuber;Yunnan Bletilla Tuber (Pseudobulb)
432 手參 Rhizoma Gymnadeniae Conopseae Conic Gymnadenia Tuber
433 手掌參 Rhizoma Gymnadeniae Crassinervidis Shortspur Gymnadenia Tuber;Thickvein Gymnadenia Tuber
434 腎經草 Rhizoma Habenariae Ciliolaridis Ciliolate Habenaria Tuber
435 建蘭根 Radix Cymbidii Ensifolii Swordleaf Cymbidium Root
436 春蘭根 Radix Cymbidii Goeringii Goering Cymbidium Root
437 蕙蘭根 Radix Cymbidii Faberi Faber Cymbidium Root
438 墨蘭根 Radix Cymbidii Sinensis Chinese Ladyslipper Root
439 兜蘭 Radix Cypripedii Tibetici Tibet Ladyslipper Root
440 山蘭 Pseudobulbus Oreorchidis Patenti Common Oreorchis Pseudobulb
441 鶴頂蘭 Pseudobulbus Phaii Tankervulliae Common Phaius Pseudobulb
442 黃鶴蘭 Pseudobulbus Phaii Flavi Yellowflower Phaius Pseudobulb
443 盤龍參 Radix Seu Herba Spiranthis Sinensis Chinese Spiranthes Root or Herb
444 蘆根 Rhizoma Phragmitis Reed Rhizome
445 紫竹根 Rhizoma Phyllostachydis Nigrae Black Bamboo Rhizome
446 白茅根 Rhizoma Imperatae Lalang Grass Rhizome
447 黃茅根 Rhizoma Heteropogonis Contorti Tanglehead Rhizome;Contorted Tanglehead Rhizome
448 糯稻根 Radix Oryzae Glutinosae Stichy Rice Root
449 菰根 Rhizoma Zizniae Caduciflorae Fewflower Wildrice Rhizome
450 荸荠 Cormus Eleocharitis Waternut Corm
451 香附 Rhizoma Cyperi Nutgrass Galingale Rhizome
452 麻黃根 Radix Ephedrae Sinicae Chinese Ephedra Root
453 中麻黃根 Radix Ephedrae Intermediae Intermediate Ephedra Root
454 骨碎補 Rhizoma Drynariae Fortune’s Drynaria Rhizome
455 秦嶺骨碎補 Rhizoma Drynariae Baronii Baron’s Drynaria Rhizome
456 光葉骨碎補 Rhizoma Drynariae Propinquae Neighbouring Drynaria Rhizome
457 蕨根 Rhizoma Pteridii Latiuscuii Bracken Fern Rhizome;Eaglefern Rhizome
458 水龍骨 Rhizoma Polypodiodis Nipponici Japanese Polypodiodis Rhizome; Japanese Polypody Rhizome459
459 狗脊 Rhizoma Cibotii East Asian Tree Fern;Rhizome of Scythian Lamb
460 綿馬貫衆 Rhizoma Dryopteris Crassirhizomatis Male Fern Rhizome;Rhizome of Male Fern
461 紫萁貫衆 Rhizoma Osumudae Japonicae Japanese Flowering Fern Rhizome
462 狗脊貫衆 Rhizoma Woodwardiae Japonicae Japanese Chain Fern Rhizome
463 夾果蕨貫衆 Rhizoma Matteucciae Struthiopteridis Ostrich Fern Rhizome

 

全草類 Plants

1 車前草 Herba Plantaginis Asiatic Plantain Herb
2 車前草 Herba Plantaginis Depressae Depressed Plantain Herb
3 腫節風 Herba Sarcandrae Glabrae Glabrous Scrcandra Herb(腫節風;《中國藥典》)
4 及己 Herba Chloranthi Serrati Serrate Chloranthus Herb
5 半邊蓮 Herba Lobeliae Chinensis Chinese Lobelia Herb
6 竹葉柴胡 Herba Bupleuri Marginat Bambooleaf Thorowax Herb(竹葉柴胡;《中國藥典》)
7 水芹 Herba Seu Radix Oenanthes Javanicae Javan Waterdropwort Herb or Root
8 芹菜 Herba Apii Graveolentis Wildcelery Herb
9 芫荽 Herba Coriander Satvi Coriander Herb
10 芹葉鈎吻 Herba Conii Maculati Poisonhemlock Herb
11 天胡荽 Herba Hydrocotyles Lawn Pennywout Herb
12 破銅錢 Herba Hydrocotyles Batrachii Batrachileaf Pennywort Herb
13 積雪草 Herba Centellae Asiaticae Asiatic Pennywort Herb
14 仙鶴草 Herba Agrimoniae Hairyvein Agrimonia Herb; Herb of Hairyvein Agrimonia
15 蛇莓 Herba Duchesneae Indicae Indian Mockstrawberry Herb
16 蛇含 Herba Potentillae Kleinianae Klein Cinquefoil Herb
17 茅莓 Herba Rubi Parvifolii Japanese Raspberry Herb
18 萎陵菜 Herba Potentillae Chinensis Chinese Cinquefoil Herb (萎陵菜;《中國藥典》)
19 翻白草 Herba Potentillae Discoloris Discolor Cinquefoil Herb
20 三葉萎陵菜 Herba Potentillae Freynianae Freyn Cinquefoil Herb
21 白花蛇舌草 Herba Hedyotis Spreading Hedyotis Herb
22 傘房花蛇舌草 Herba Hedyotis Corymbosae Corymbose Hedyotis Herb
23 白馬骨 Herba Serissae Serissoidis Serissa Herb
24 六月雪 Herba Serissae Japonicae June Snow Herb
25 雞矢藤 Herba et Radix Paederiae Scandentis Chinese Fevervine Herb and Root
26 穿根藤 Herba Psychotriae Serpentis Creeping Psychotria Herb
27 龍船花 Herba Ixorae Chinensis Chinese Ixora Herb
28 拉拉藤 Herba Galii Echinospermi Spinyfruit Catchweed Bedstraw Herb
29 豬殃殃 Herba Galii Teneri Tender Catchweed Bedstraw Herb
30 水團花 Herba Adinae Piluliferae Pilular Adina Herb
31 耳草 Herba Hedyotidis Auricularis Auricled Hedyotis Herb
32 澤漆 Herba Euphorbiae Helioscopiae Sun Euphorbia Herb
33 貓眼草 Herba Euphorbiae Ensulae Leafy Euphorbia Herb
34 地錦草 Herba Euphorbiae Humifusae Humifuse Euphorbia Herb;Humifuse Chamaescyce Herb (地錦草;《中國藥典》)
35 飛揚草 Herba Euphorbiae Hirtae Garden Euphorbia Herb; Garden Chamaesyce Herb (飛揚草;《中國藥典》)
36 斑錦草 Herba Euphorbiae Maculatae American Euphorbia Herb; American Chamaesyce Herb (地錦草;《中國藥典》)
37 蜜柑草 Herba Phyllanthi Ussuriensis Ussur Leafflower Herb
38 葉下珠 Herba Phyllanthi Urinariae Common Leafflower Herb
39 紅雀珊瑚 Herba Pedilanthi Tithymaloidis Redbird Shipperf Lower Herb
40 鐵苋菜 Herba Acalyphae Australis Copperleaf Herb; Threeseed Mercury Herb
41 珍珠透骨草 Herba Speranskiae Tuberculatae (地構) Tuberculate Speranskia Herb
42 丟了棒 Herba Cloxylonis Indici Indian Cloxylon Herb
43 草紅藤 Herba Shuteriae Pampaninianae Pampanin Shuteria Herb (草紅藤;《中國藥典》)
44 雞骨草 Herba Abri Cantoniensis Canton Abrus Herb (雞骨草;《中國藥典》1977年版)
45 毛雞骨草 Herba Abri Mollis Hairy Abrus Herb
46 農吉利 Herba Crotalariae Sessiliflorae Pedicel-less Rattle-box Herb;Blueflower Crotalaria Herb (農吉利;《中國藥典》1977年版)
46 農吉利 Herba Crotalariae Sessiliflorae Pedicel-less Rattle-box Herb;Blueflower Crotalaria Herb (農吉利;《中國藥典》1977年版)
47 紫苜蓿 Herba et Radix Medicaginis Alfalfa Herb;Lucerne Herba
48 黃苜蓿 Herba Medicaginis Polymorphae Thoothed Burr Medick Herb
49 莪大夏 Herba Oxytropis Chiliopgyllae Whorledleaf Crazyweed Herb (莪大夏;《中國藥典》)
50 紫雲英 Herba Astragali Sinici Chinese Milkvetch Herb; Chinese Clover Herb
51 苦豆草 Herba Sophorae Alopecuroidis Foxtail-like Sophora Herb (苦豆草;《中國藥典》1977年版)
52 田菁 Herba Sesbaniae Cannabinae Common Sesbania Herb
53 廣金錢草 Herba Desmodii Styracifolii Snowbellleaf Tickclover Herb
54 葫蘆茶 Herba Tadehagi Triquetri Triquetrous Tadehagi Herb
55 含羞草 Herba Mimosae Pudicae Sensitiveplant Herb
56 白屈菜 Herba Chelidonii Maji Greater Celandine Herb
57 博落回 Herba Macleayae Cordatae Pink Plumepoppy Herb
58 苦地丁 Herba Corydalis Bungeanae Bunge Corydalis Herb (苦地丁;《中國藥典》)
59 直立紫堇 Herba Corydalis Strictae Erect Corydalis Herb (直立紫堇;《中國藥典》)
60 金鈎如意草 Herba Corydalis Taliensis Tali Corydalis Herb
61 荨麻 Herba Urticae Fissae Nettle Herb; Lobedleaf Nettle
62 水龍 Herba Ludwigiae Adscendenti Water Primrose Herb
63 草龍 Herba Ludwigiae Hyssopifoliae Hyssopus-leaf Seedbox Herb
64 桑寄生 Herba Taxilli Chinensis;Herba Taxilli Chinese Taxillus Herb; Twig and Leaf of Chinese Taxillus
65 四川桑寄生 Herba Taxilli Sutchuenensis Sutchen Taxillus Herb; Szechwan Taxillus Herb
66 灰毛桑寄生 Herba Taxilli Duclouxii Ducloux Taxillus Herb
66 毛葉桑寄生 Herba Taxilli Nigrantis Hairyleaf Taxillus Herb
67 柳寄生 Herba Taxilli Delavayi Delavay Taxillus Herb; Willow Taxillus Herb
68 槲寄生 Herba Visci Colorati Colored Mistletoe Herb
69 柚寄生 Herba Visci Ovalifolii Ovalleaf Mistletoe Herb
70 百蕊草 Herba Thesii Chinensis Chinese Bastardtoadflax Herb
71 荞麥 Folium et Caulis Fagopyri Esculenti Common Buckwheat Leaf and Stem
72 萹蓄 Herba Polygoni Avicularis Common Knotweed Herb
73 小萹蓄 Herba Polygoni Plebeii Plebeian Knotweed Herb
74 辣蓼 Herba Polygoni Hydropiperis Marshpeper Smartweed Herb; Red-Knees Herb
75 馬蓼 Herba Polygoni Longiseti Longseta Knotweed Herb
76 火炭母 Herba Polygoni Chinensis Chinese Knotweed Herb
77 硬毛火炭母 Herba Polygoni Hispidi Chinese Hispid Knotweed Herb
78 杠板歸 Herba Polygoni Perfoliati Perfoliate Knotweed Herb (杠板歸;《中國藥典》)
79 尋骨風 Herba Aristolochiae Mollissimae Wooly Datchmanspipe Herb
80 細辛 Herba Asari Mandshurici Manchurian Wildginger Herb; Herb of Manchurian Wildginger
81 漢城細辛 Herba Asari Seoulensis Seoul Siebold Wildginger Herb
82 華細辛 Herba Asari Sieboldii Siebold Wildginger Herb
83 杜蘅 Herba Asari Forbesii Forbes Wildginger Herb
84 倒扣草 Herba Achyranthis Asperae Common Achyranthes Herb (倒扣草;《中國藥典》1977年版)
85 空心蓮子草 Herba Alternantherae Philoxeroidis Alligator Alternanthera Herb
86 落葵 Herba Basellae Rubrae Red Vinespinach Herb
87 老鹳草 Herba Erodii Stephaniani Common Heron’s Bill Herb
88 短嘴老鹳草 Herba Geranii Wilfordii Wilfford Cranesbill Herb
89 野老鹳草 Herba Geranii Caroliniani Carolina Geranium Herb
90 蒲公英 Herba Taraxaci Mongolici Mongolian Dandelion Herb

 

莖(藤)木類 Stems, Leaves

1 絡石藤 Gaulis Trachelospermi Jasminoidis Chinese Starasmine Stem; Confederate-Jasmine Stem
2 紫蘇梗 Caulis Perillae Argutae Cutivated Purple Perilla Stem
3 白蘇梗 Caulis Perillae Frutescentis Common Perilla Stem
4 扶芳藤 Caulis et Folium Euonymi Fortunei Fortune Euonymus Stem and Leaf
5 扶芳樹 Caulis et Folium Euonymi Japonici (冬青衛茅) Japanese Spindletree Stem and Leaf; Evergreen Euonymus Stem and Leaf
6 無柄扶芳藤 Caulis et Folium Euonymi Subsessilis (無柄衛矛) Sessile Spindle-tree Stem and Leaf
7 鬼見羽 Ramulus Euonymi (衛矛) Winged Euonymus Twig
8 桂枝 Ramulus Cinnamomi Cassiabarktree Twig; Cassia Twig
9 香樟木 Lignum Cinnamomi Camphorae Camphor Wood
10 爬山虎 Caulis Parthenocissi Tricuspidatae Japanese Creeper Stem or Root; Boston Ivy Stem or Root
11 海風藤 Gaulis Piperis Kadsurae Kadsura Pepper Twig and Leaf
12 石南藤 Caulis Seu Herba Piperis Wallichii Wallich Papper Twig and Leaf
13 穿壁風 Ramulus et Folium Piperis Puberuli Hairy Pepper Twig and Leaf (穿壁風;《中國藥典》)
14 醉魚草 Herba Buddlejae Lindleyanae Lindley Butterflybush
15 沈香 Lignum Aquilariae Agallochae Resinatum (沈香樹) Agalloch Raglewood
16 沈香 Lignum Aquilariae Resinatum (白沈香) Chinese Eaglewood
17 首烏藤 Caulis Polygoni Multiflori Tuber Fleeceflower Stem
18 木藤蓼 Caulis Polygoni Aubertii Aubert Knotweed Stem (木藤蓼;《中國藥典》)
19 勾藤 Ramulus Uncariae Rhynchophyllae cum Uncis Sharpleaf Uncaria Stem With Hooks
20 大葉勾藤 Ramulus Uncariae Macrophyllae cum Uncis Largeleaf Uncaria Stem With Hooks
21 毛勾藤 Ramulus Uncariae Hirsutae cum Uncis Hirsute Uncaria Stem With Hooks
22 華勾藤 Ramulus Uncariae Sinensis cum Uncis Chinese Uncaria Stem With Hooks
23 無柄果勾藤 Ramulus Uncariae Sessilifructi cum Uncis White Uncaria Stem With Hooks
24 丁公藤 Caulis Erycibes Erycibe;Obtuse-leaf Erycibe Stem
25 光葉丁公藤 Caulis Erycibes Schmidtii Schmidt Erycibe
26 雞血藤 Caulis Spatholobi Suberect Spatholobus Stem; Stem of Suberect Spatholobus
27 蘇木 Lignum Sappan Sappan Wood; Sappan Caesalpinia
28 降香 Lignum Dalbergiae Odoriferae Rosewood Heart Wood
29 檀香 Lignum Santali Albi Sandalwood
30 紫檀香 Lignum Pterocarpi Santalini Red Sandal-wood; Sandalwood Padauk
31 皂角刺 Spina Gleditsiae Chinese Honeylocust Spine
32 梗通草 Caulis Aeschynomenes Indicae (田皂角) Common Aeschynomene Stem
33 木通 Caulis Akebiae Akabia Stem
34 三葉木通 Caulis Akebiae Trifoliatae Threeleaf Akebia
35 白木通 Caulis Akebiae Australis Austral Akebia
36 川木通 Caulis Clematidis Armandii (小木通) Armand Clematis Stem;Stem of Armand Clematis
37 川木通 Caulis Clematidis Montanae (白花繡球藤) Anemone Clematis Stem
38 大血藤 Caulis Sargentodoxae Sargentgloryvine;Stem of Sargentgloryvine
39 新疆木通 Caulis Clematidis Orientalis (東方鐵線蓮) Oriental Clematis Stem (《新疆維吾爾自治區藥品標准》1982年版)
40 關木通 Gaulis Aristolochiae Manshuriensis Manchurian Dutchmanspipe Stem
41 千里香 Folium et Cacumen Murrayae Pan-iculatae Paniculate Jasminorange Twig and Leaf
42 天仙藤 Caulis Aritolochiae Debilis Dutchmanspipe Vine
43 常春藤 Ramulus et Folium Hederae Nepalensis Chinese Ivy Herb
44 通草 Medulla Tetrapanacis Rice Paper Plant Pith
45 七葉蓮 Ramulus et Folium Schefferae Arboricolae Scandent Scheffera Twig and Leaf
46 漢桃葉 Ramulus et Folium Schefferae Kwangsiensis Guangxi Scheffera Twig and Leaf (漢桃葉;《中國藥典》1977年版)
47 小通草 Medulla Stachyuri Himalici (通條樹) Himalayan Stachyurus Pith
48 小通草 Medulla Stachyuri Chinensis (中國旌節花樹) Chinese Stachyurus Pith
49 小通草 Medulla Helwingiae Japonicae (青莢小通草) Japanese Helwingia Pith
50 桃枝 Ramulus Persicae Peach Twig (桃枝;《中國藥典》)
51 山桃枝 Ramulus Pruni Davidianae David Peach Twig (桃枝;《中國藥典》)
52 珍珠稈 Caulis Rubi Idaei (絨毛懸鈎子) Red Raspberry Stem (珍珠稈;《中國藥典》)
53 功勞木 Caulis Mahoniae (闊葉十大功勞) Leatherleaf Mahonia Stem
54 風仙透骨草 Caulis Impatientis Garden Balsam Stem
55 巴豆木 Caulis Crotonis Tiglii Purging Croton Stem
56 毛巴豆莖 Caulis Crotonis Tomentosi Tomentose Croton Stem
57 臭牡丹 Caulis et Folium Clerodendri Bungei Rose Glorybower Twig and Leaf
58 海州常山 Ramulus et Folium Clerodendri Trichotomi Harlequin Glorybower Twig and Leaf
59 九里香 Folium et Cacumen Murrayae Exoticae Common Jasminorange Twig and Leaf
60 忍冬藤 Caulis Lonicerae Japanese Honeysuckle Stem
61 南瓜藤 Caulis et Folium Cucurbitae Moschatae Cushaw Stem and Leaf (南瓜藤;《上海市中藥材標准》)
62 黃瓜藤 Caulis Cucumis Sativi Cucumber Stem
63 苦木 Ramulus et Folium Picrasmae Indian Quassawood Twig and Leaf (苦木;《中國藥典》)
64 買麻藤 Caulis Gneti Montani Common Jointfir Stem (買麻藤;《中國藥典》)
65 扭肚藤 Ramulus et Folium Jasmini Elongati Elongate Jasmine Twig and Leaf
66 桑枝 Ramulus Mori Mulberry Twig; White Mulberry Twig
67 薜荔藤 Ramulus et Folium Fici Pumilae Climbing Fig Twig and Leaf
68 薜荔絡石藤 Ramulus et Folium Fici Pumilae Immaturus Immatere Twig and Leaf of Climbing Fig
69 滇雞血藤 Caulis Kadsurae Interioris Interius Kadura Stem (滇雞血藤;《中國藥典》)
70 黃藤 Caulis Fibraureae Common Fibraureae Stem (黃藤;《中國藥典》)
71 寬筋藤 Caulis Tinosporae Sinensis (中華青牛膽) Chinese Tinospora Stem
72 青風藤 Caulis Sinomenii Ovientvine Stem
73 西河柳 Cacumen Tamaricis Chinensis Chinese Taamarisk Twig and Leaf
74 仙人掌 Caulis Opuntiae Dillenii Cholla Stem
75 仙人球 Caulis Echinopsis Multiplicis Maltiple Hedgehogcactus Stem
76 通天草 Caulis Eleocharitis Dulcis Waternut Stem
77 竹茹 Caulis Bambusae in Taeniam Bamboo Shavings (竹茹;《中國藥典》)
78 淡竹茹 Caulis Phyllostachydis in Taeniam Henon Bamboo Shavings (竹茹;《中國藥典》)
79 大頭典竹茹 Caulis Sinocalami in Taeniam Hairy Sinocalamus Shavings (竹茹;《中國藥典》)
80 松節 Lignum Pini Nodi Chinese Pine Nodular Branch
81 側柏葉 Cacumen Platycladi Leaf and Twig of Chinese Arborvitae
82 槐枝 Ramulus Sophorae Japonicae Japanese Pagodatree Twig (槐枝;《中國藥典》)

 

Bilingual Terms – Roots 4

January 15, 2008  
Filed under Uncategorised

121 ?? Rhizoma Dioscoreae Cirrhosae Shouliahg Yam Radix Root
122 ??? Radix Polygoni Cillinervris Hairynereve Polygonum Root Tuber; Hairyvein Knotweed Root Tuber
123 ??? Radix Stephaniae Cepharanthae Oriental Stephania Root
124 ?? Rhizoma Coptidis Chinese Goldthread Rhizome
125 ?? Rhizoma Coptidis Deltoideae Deltaleaf Goldthread Rhizome
126 ?? Rhizoma Coptidis Teetoidis Yunnan Goldthread Rhizome
127 ??? Rhizoma Coptidis Omeiensis Omei Goldthread Rhizome
128 ??? Radix Thalictri Foliolos Manyleaf Meadowrue Root
129 ??? Radix Seu Herba Thalictri Sibirici Siberian Columbine Meadowrue Root or Herb
130 ??? Radix et Rhizoma Clematidis Chinensis Chinese Clematis Root and Rhizome
131 ????? Radix et Rhizoma Clematidis Hexpetalae Sixpetal Clematis Root and Rhizome
132 ????? Radix et Rhizoma Clematidis Mandshuricae Manchurian Clematis Root and Rhizome
133 ??? Radix Seu Herba Clematidis Floridae Cream Clematis Root or Herb
134 ??? Radix Pulsatillae Chinese Pulsatilla Root
135 ??? Rhizoma Anemones Raddeanae Radde Anemone Rhizome
136 ???? Rhizoma Anemones Dichotomatis Dichotomous Anemone Rhizome
137 ??? Radix Semiaquilegiae Muskroot-like Semiaquilegia Root
138 ?? Rhizoma Cimicifugae Foetidae Skunk Bugbane Rhizome
139 ??? Rhizoma Cimicifugae Heracleifoliae Cowparsnipleaf Bugbane Rhizome
140 ??? Rhizoma Cimicifugae Dahuricae Dahurian Bugbane Rhizome
141 ??? Radix Ranunculi Ternati Catclaw Buttercup Root Tuber
142 ?? Radix Paeoniae Alba White Peony Root
143 ?? Radix Paeoniae Rubra Rad Peony Root
144 ??? Radix Paeoniae Veitchii Veitch Peony Root
145 ???? Radix Paeoniae Sinjiangensis Sinjiang Peony Root
146 ?? Radix Scrophulariae Figwort Root; Ningpo Figwort Root
147 ?? Radix Rehmanniae Adhesive Rehmannia Root Tuber
148 ??? Rhizoma Picrorhizae Figwortflower Picrorhiza Rhizome
149 ????? Rhizoma Picrorhizae Kurrooa Indian Picrorhiza Rhizome
150 ?? Radix Achyranthis Bidentatae Root of Twotooth Achyranthes;Common Achyranthes
151 ??? Radix Cyathulae Root of Medicinal Cyathula; Medicinal Cyathula Officinalis Root
152 ??? Radix Achyranthis Sylvestris Wild Achyranthes Root
153 ??? Radix Carpesii Abrotanoidis (?????????) Common Capesium Root
154 ??? Rhizoma Corydalis Yanhusuo Yanhusuo Tuber
155 ????? Rhizoma Corydalis Turtschaninovii Toothedpetal Corydalis Tuber
156 ??? Rhizoma Corydalis Decumbentis Decumbent Corydalis Tuber
157 ?? Radix Seu Herba Corydalis Edulis Common Corydalis Root or Herb
158 ?? Radix Corydalis Pallidae Yellowflower Corydalis Root
159 ??? Radix Berchemiae Lineatae Lineate Supplejack Root
160 ?? Radix Seu Cortex Rhamni Utilis Chinese Buckthorn Root or Root-bark

Period pain hurts? Try Chinese herbs

October 19, 2007  
Filed under Women's health

CM NEWS – Got enough of that terrible period ? Traditional Chinese medicine might offer hope for relief, according to a large scale review on the effectiveness of Chinese herbal medicine on primary dysmenorhoea. Read more

New TCM formula fights male immune infertility

May 17, 2007  
Filed under Men's health

CM NEWS – A Chinese medicinal formula, Huzhangdanshenyin (虎杖丹参飲), derived by researchers in Xiamen, China has been proved more effective than corticosteroids in targetting male immune infertility – but without the side effects of steroids. Read more

Ancient formula Qiongyugao may fight liver cancer

January 28, 2007  
Filed under Cancer, Liver

fu ling, liver cancer, qiongyugaoCM NEWS – An ancient Chinese herbal formula composed mainly of ginseng (人參), poria (fu ling, 茯苓) and rehmannia (di huang, 地黃) has been found to be able to slow down the growth of tumour of the liver and inhibit the expression of a special protein that appears to participate in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma, the most common form of primary liver cancers. Read more

Glossary

January 28, 2007  
Filed under

Banxia,半夏 (pinellia rhizome)
stops vomiting, promote vomiting, rids of phlegm nodules, calming, lower pressure in the eyes.

Cangzhu, 蒼朮 (atractylodes lancea Thunb., A chinensis Koidz.)
The functions of cang zhu are: for treatment of yeast infection and dries dampness and flatulence; strengthens digestion; expels wind-dampness; for diarrhea with vomiting; edema with fullness of the abdomen; induces sweating in patients unable to sweat; headaches, body aches, solar plexus pain, and pain in extremities due to wind-cold-dampness, and edema in lower limbs etc. Modern research also shows that it can lower blood sugar and expel sodium.
(Source: Dictionary of Chinese herbs)

Dahuang, 大黃 (Rheum officinale Baill.)
To treat: lack of bowel movement, dysentry, blood clots, tumour, red and painful eyes, abdominal-distention and/or pain, blood in stool, hemorrhoidal bleeding, urination burning, nose bleeding, coughing out blood, sore extremities, edema, jaundice, lesions, burns and scalding (external application).
(Source: Dictionary of Chinese herbs)

Danshen, 丹參 (Salviae miltiorrhizae)
Salvia (Chinese danshen 丹參) refers to the root of Salvia miltiorrhiza, sometimes described as Chinese sage or red sage root. Any herb of the Salvia genus may be called sage, but most people are familiar with the common garden plant-and the common Western kitchen herb-obtained from Salvia officinalis. There are significant differences in medicinal components of the tops and roots of the Salvia plants that influence their uses. The Western sage leaves are used medicinally to treat dyspepsia and excessive perspiration. Salvia root, as employed in Chinese medicine, is different in nature from the other sage herbs, despite the botanical relationship.

Danshen is an annual sage plant, Salvia miltiorrhiza (Labiatae, Laminaceae) which grows in China, Mongolia, Korea and Japan. In China, it is found in hilly areas of the west, southwest and southeast. S. miltiorrhiza is among the most popular medicinal herbs used in China. It has been used in the treatment of stroke since 1970, angina and heart attack, as an antihypertensive and a sedative. S. miltiorrhiza contains several compounds that are pharmacologically active, especially the diterpenoids known as tanshinones. A related plant, Salvia columbariae, from California, USA also contains tanshinones, especially cryptotanshinone. This plant has been used by Californian Indians to treat people suffering from strokes.
(Source: MDidea; Chinese Medicine Journal)

Danggui, 當歸 (Radix Angelicae sinensis, Chinese angelica root)
Danggui has been used as a tonic for blood and for regulating the menses, lubricates bowels to correct constipation, reduces swelling, expels pus, relieves pain. Danggui wei (tail) is being used in condition of blood stasis and clots.
(Source: Dictionary of Chinese herbs)

The medicinal functions include: nurturing the uterus; lowers blood lipids, anti-platelet coagulation, promotes production of red cells; dilates coronary arteries and improve circulation volume; anti oxidation and rid of free radicals; improves the immune system; serves as an anti-cancer agent; and anti inflammatory.

Dihuang, 地黃 (Rehmannia)
Dihuang is being used as a blood tonic, usually for treating weakness caused by tuberculosis, vomiting blood, nose bleeding, coughing blood, bleeding in the uterus. Medium dosages of di huang may strengthen function of the heart, while large doses could be toxic. It could also increases blood pressure, other medical functions include: small doses constrict the blood vessels and large doses dilate the blood vessel; diuretics; decreases blood sugar and inhibits carbohydrates to convert into blood sugar.
(Source: Dictionary of Chinese herbs)

Dilong, 地龍 (Pheretima)
Pharmaceutical name is Lumbricus. Its major functions are said to be: anti-histamine and calming asthma; expand bronchi; antipyretic; sedative and anti-convulsion; lower blood pressure; diuretic effect. The main applications include treatments for high fever and spasms, convulsions; painful joints due to arthritis and paralysis; heat type of wheezing/asthma; injuries and pain; edema and difficulty in urination.
(Source: Dictionary of Chinese herbs)

Dongchong xiacao, 冬蟲夏草 (Cordyceps sinensis, Caterpillar Fungus)
The mushroom species Cordyceps sinensis is an insect parasitizing fungus of the ascomycetes family, found at high altitudes on the Qinghai-Tibetan plateau. This fungus lives primarily in the larvae of one particular species of moth, Hepialus armoricanus.

A kind of mold, Cordyceps sinensis spawn invades into the body of a silkworm which is an insect and grows, multiplies making the protein of the insect its source of nutrition and makes the host insect a mummy. Passing by winter, Cordyceps sinesis forms a fruit body in the epidermis of the insect at the time when a temperature and a humidity becomes high and it becomes a mushroom. Cordyceps sinensis is mysterious mushroom like this.It is occasionally found growing on other moth species as well. The normal range of this fungus is above 2000 metres elevation, and it has been found as high as 6000 metres. There are also many other species of the genus Cordyceps, which all seem to have potent biologically active compounds present. The genus has been shown to produce some potent antibiotics, immune stimulants and antitumour agents.

It has only been in the last few years however that Science has had the ability to thoroughly analyze this mushroom, and identify the bioactive compounds present.

Cordyceps sinensis has long been used in folk medicine throughout Asia. It has been used as an important nourishing tonic. Other functions include: improves auto-immune system; protects kidneys from toxins; protects kidneys from exhaustion; protects liver from toxins and treats and prevents cirrhosis of liver; protect the heart from the damaging effect of ouabain ; anti-arrhythmia; anti-rejection effect in cornea transplant; antibiotic effect; and inhibits contraction of smooth muscles.
(Source: Dictionary of Chinese herbs)

Duhuo Jisheng Tang, 獨活寄生湯
The basic ingredients for this traditional formula include:
duhuo 獨活 (Radix Angelicae Pubescentis) 12g
jisheng 寄生 (herba visci) 20g
duzhong 杜仲 (cortex eucomiae) 12g
niuxi 牛膝 (Radix Achyranthis Bidentatae) 12g
xixin 細辛 (Chinese wild ginger) 3g
qinjiao 秦艽 (Radix Gentianae Qinjiao) 12g
fangfeng 防風 (Radix Saposhnikoviae divaricatae) 12g
gandi ??20g
baishuo 白芍 (Radix Paeoniae alba) 12g
danggui 當歸 (Radix Angelicae sinensis) 12g
chuanggong 川芎 (Radix Ligustici Chuanxiong) 12g
dangshen 丹參 (codonopsis root) 12g
yunling 雲苓 12g
yaocao ?? 6g
guizhi 桂枝 (cinnamon twig) 6g
(Source: Dictionary of Chinese herbs, Gov of Macao’s glossary)

Fuling, 茯苓 (poria, sclerotium of tuckahoe, china root, hoelen)
Functions: diuretics, reducing plasma glucose, tranquilizing, inhibits bacteria, relaxing effect on smooth muscles, improves immune system.
(Source: Dictionary of Chinese herbs)

Fufang, 複方
Fufang in Chinese herbal medicine means a formula comprising multiple herbs.

Ginkgo biloba, 銀杏
Ginkgo ( Ginkgo biloba ) is one of the oldest living tree species and its leaves are among the most extensively studied botanicals in use today. Unlike many other medicinal herbs, ginkgo leaves are not frequently used in their crude state, but rather, in the form of a concentrated, standardized ginkgo biloba extract (GBE). In Europe and the United States, ginkgo supplements are among the best-selling herbal medications and it consistently ranks as a top medicine prescribed in France and Germany.

Ginkgo has been used in traditional medicine to treat circulatory disorders and enhance memory. Scientific studies throughout the years lend support to these traditional uses. Emerging evidence suggests that GBE may be particularly effective in treating ailments associated with decreased blood flow to the brain, particularly in elderly individuals. Laboratory studies have shown that GBE improves blood circulation by dilating blood vessels and reducing the stickiness of blood platelets.

Ginkgo leaves also contain two types of chemicals (flavonoids and terpenoids) believed to have potent antioxidant properties. Antioxidants are substances that scavenge free radicals — damaging compounds in the body that alter cell membranes, tamper with DNA, and even cause cell death. Free radicals occur naturally in the body, but environmental toxins (including ultraviolet light, radiation, cigarette smoking, and air pollution) can also increase the number of these damaging particles. Free radicals are believed to contribute to a number of health problems including heart disease and cancer as well as Alzheimer’s disease and other forms of dementia. Antioxidants such as those found in ginkgo can neutralize free radicals and may reduce or even help prevent some of the damage they cause.
(Source: University of Maryland Medical Centre)

Gouteng 鉤藤 (Uncaria rhynchophylla)
Uncaria rhynchophylla is an ivy-like plant, where hooks have been used for hypertension, infantile convulsion, and so on in oriental traditional medicine. The curved thorns on the stems are antispasmodic, carminative, febrifuge and hepatic. A is used in the treatment of infantile convulsions, headaches, dizziness, hypertension and apoplexy. The should not be overcooked. Medical functions include: sedative effect: lower the excitement of CNS helps treatment of epilepsy; lowering blood pressure effect (but does not cause peripheral vasodilation) but old stems without thorns do not possess the anti-hypertension effect; anti platelet coagulation.
(Source: Plants for a Future, Dictionary of Chinese herbs)

Honghua, 紅花 (Flos Carthami Tinctorii, Safflower, carthamus)
The flower of hong hua serves as a laxative and diaphoretic. Hong hua can be used as a diuretic and to calm the nerves and soothes hysteria. It supports the heart and liver. It helps promote circulation, dissolves clots, and can help induce menstruation. Safflower helps with post childbirth pains, stiffness and pain in joints, and internal bleeding. It can be taken hot to produce strong perspiration to remedy a cold. Pregnant women should avoid using safflower.
(Source: Raintreee Health)

Huzhang, 虎杖 (Polygoni Cuspidati Rhizoma)
Huzhang’s medicinal functions are: anti viral; anti leptospirosis; anti fungal; relaxes the bronchial smooth muscles, expels phlegm, and suppresses asthma and cough; lower blood pressure and lipids; stops bleeding in external injuries; inhibits pain; astringent; anti inflammatory; antibiotic, like: pseudomonas aeruginosa, staphylococcus aureaus, moraxella (branhamella), catarrhalis, streptococcal, escherichia coli.

Huzhang has been applied on: jaundice, gall bladder stones, blood stasis with menses stoppage, yeast infection, rheumatoid arthritis, physical injuries from impacts, inflammation of the bronchi, lobar pneumonia, poisonous snake bites, scalding injuries, acute hepatitis, urinary tract infection, boils, stoppage of menses due to heat in the blood, breast cancer, menopausal bleeding disorder.
(Source: Dictionary of Chinese herbs)

Huzhangdanshenyin, 虎杖丹参飲
(derived by researchers at the Department of Andrology, Xiamen TCM Hospital Affiliated to Fujian TCM College)
Huzhang (虎杖) 15g
Pu gong ying (蒲公英; Herba Taraxaci Mongolici cum Radice, dandelion) 15g
Zi cao (紫草, radix arnebia, stoneweed) 15g
Huangqi (黃芪, Radix astragali) 15g
Danshen (丹參, Salvia miltiorrhiza, or Chinese sage) 15g
Chi shao (赤芍, root of common peony) 15g
Danggui (當歸, Radix Angelicae sinensis, roots of Chinese angelica) 15g
Honghua (紅花, Flos Carthami Tinctorii) 10g
Shouwu (首烏, Radix Polygoni Multiflori, Chinese knotweed) 15g
Nuzhenzi (女貞子, Fructus Ligustri Lucidi, privet fruit) 15g
Sheng di (生地, Rehmannia Radix) 15g
Xianlingpi (仙靈脾, Herba Epimedii, epimedium) 15g

Huangbo, 黃柏 (Phellodendro chinense Schneid.)
The main content of huang bo include: berberine (1.4%-5.8%), phellodendrine, magnoflorine, palmatine, obacunone, limonin etc. Its traditional functions are to treat vaginal bacterial infection or yeast infection, bacterial infection of the bowel, and infectious jaundice, wet and smelly groin area; spermatorrhea; night sweating and boils and sores. Modern applications include acting as an antibiotic which inhibits Staphylococcus aureaus, pnumococcus, and Shigella dysenteriae; lowers blood pressure and blood sugar, as well as being anti-Trichomoniasis.
(Source: Dictionary of Chinese herbs)

Huanglian su, 黃連素 (Berberine)
Berberine is an isoquinoline alkaloid isolated from herb plants, such as Cortex phellodendri (huang bai, 黃柏) and Rhizoma coptidis (huang lian, ??). Huang lian and huang bai have used as “heat-removing” agents. In addition, berberine has been reported to anti-inflammatory effect both in vivo and in vitro. Inflammatory is tightly related to immunity. Berberine (or plant material containing berberine) has also been documented as having anti-microbial, antitumour and anti-inflammatory properties as an oral medicine.

Huangqi, 黃芪 (Radix astragali, astragalus root)
Medicinal functions of huang qi include: lowers blood pressure, vaso-dilation; prolongs diuretic effect; lessens proteinuria; protects liver function; regulates blood sugar.
(Source: Dictionary of Chinese herbs)

Huangqin, 黃芩 (Scutellaria radix)
The medical functions of huang qin include: huang qin‘s ingredient baicalin can promote secretion of bile and promote movements of extra body intestines of rabbits; alkaloids of huang qin possesses antihistamine effect; baicalein has anti-toxin effect, inhibits permeability of capillaries and anti acetylcholine and anti anaphylaxis effects, it also inhibits acute asthma attack and allergenic eczema; prevents atherosclerosis; ingredient wogonin has anti hepatitis B virus effects. In modern medicine, the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of wogonin have been widely used in clinical treatment of inflammatory diseases, including atopic dermatitis, hyperlipemia, and atherosclerosis. It has been reported that wogonin has the potential for therapeutic use in the treatment of atherosclerosis and restenosis based upon its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antithrombotic, and antiproliferative activities.
(Source: Dictionary of Chinese herbs; Molecular Pharmacology Vol. 60, Issue 3, 507-513, September 2001.)

Jia wei xiao yao san, 加味逍遙散 (Kamo-shoyo-san, a 700-year-old formula)
Kami-shoyo-san consists of 10 medicinal herbs, including chai hu (柴胡, Radix Bulpleuri), bai shao (白芍, Radix Paeoniae), dang gui (當歸, Radix Angelicae Sinensis), and gan cao (甘草, Radix Glycyrrhizae), bo he (薄荷, Mentha haplocalyx), fu ling (茯苓, Poria cocos), mu dan pi (牡丹皮, Paeonia suffruticosa), zhizi (梔子, Gardenia jasminoides), and ginger (Zingiber officinale). In Taiwan, its concentrated form was the most popular herbal drug for depression and anxiety and alike disorders. It is also a popular herbal drug to treat insomnia in Japan.

The formula first appeared in Song Dynasty (between 960 and 1279 AD.) in a TCM classic He Ji Ju (太平惠民和劑局方). It was said to relieve muscular pain, dizziness, uneasiness, hot flashes, extreme sweating, insomnia, decreasing appetite and abnormal menstrual symptoms. In modern times, it has been used to treat many neuropsychiatric disorders, as well as liver diseases.

Literature shows that the formula has been shown to relieve panic attacks, anticipatory anxiety and agoraphobia. It has been used to treat irregularity of menstruation and anxiety involved with a menstrual cycle.

When used as an adjunct to carbamazepine (carbamazepine is an anticonvulsant and mood stabilizing drug, used primarily in the treatment of epilepsy and bipolar disorder. It is also used to treat schizophrenia and trigeminal neuralgia) in patients with bipolar disorders, the Kamo-shoyo-san combo treatment resulted in significantly greater clinical response rate in depressed patients. Kamo-shoy-san has proved to provide additive beneficial effects in bipolar patients, particularly for those in the depressive phase.

Leigongteng, 雷公藤 (Tripterygium wilfordii Hook. f., Radix Tripterygium wilfordii, three-wing-nut)
Leigongteng can be used for anti-inflammation, kills worms, resolves toxins, treating proteinuric renal disease, used as immunosuppressive agent on autoimmune diseases. Modern applications include proliferative arthritis, inflammation of spinal cord, lupus, purpura, kidney inflammation, asthma, tuberculosis of the lungs, psoriasis, dermatitis and Reiter syndrome. However, lei gong teng is highly toxic and and large consumption could be toxic to the liver. Toxic reactions include: dizziness, palpitation, weakness, nausea, vomiting, stomach ache, diarrhea, pain in liver and kidney areas, bleeding in the digestive tract, even respiration and circulation exhaustion and death.
(Source: Dictionary of Chinese herbs)

Lingzhi, 靈芝 (Ganoderma lucidum mushroom, reishi)
Lingzhi is the name for one form of the mushroom Ganoderma lucidum, and its close relative Ganoderma tsugae, which grows in the northern Eastern Hemlock forests. These two species of bracket fungus have a worldwide distribution in both tropical and temperate geographical regions, including North and South America, Africa, Europe, and Asia, growing as a parasite or saprotroph on a wide variety of trees.

Ganoderma lucidum enjoys special veneration in Asia, where it has been used in traditional Chinese medicine as a herbal medicine for more than 4,000 years, making it one of the oldest mushrooms known to have been used in medicine.

According to The Chinese Herbal Materia Medica (本草綱目), lingzhi may be classified into six categories according to their shapes and colors, each of which is believed to nourish a different part of the body.

1. Red – heart
2. Purple – joints
3. Green – liver
4. White – lungs and skin
5. Yellow – spleen
6. Black – kidneys and brain

Lingzhi may possess some anti-tumour, immunomodulatory and immunotherapeutic activities, supported by some studies on polysaccharides, terpenes, and other bioactive compounds isolated from fruiting bodies and mycelia of this fungus. Lingzhi has been found to be anti-inflammatory, antiviral, anti-parasitic, anti-fungal, antidiabetic, anti-hypotensive, and protective of the liver. It has also been found to inhibit platelet aggregation, and to lower blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar.

Because of these properties, lingzhi has been regarded as blood pressure stabilizer, antioxidant, analgesic, a kidney and nerve tonic. It has been used in bronchitis prevention and in cardiovascular treatment, and in the treatment of high triglycerides, high blood pressure, hepatitis, allergies, chemotherapy support, HIV support, and even for fatigue and altitude sickness.
(Source: Wikipedia)

Liu Shen Wan, 六神丸 (“Six Spirits Pills”)
The 250-year-old formula consists of 6 herbs: niu huang (牛黃, Calculus bovis), she xiang (麝香, Moschus moschiferus L.), chan su (蟾酥, Bufo bufo gargarizans antor), xiong huang (雄黃, realgar), bing pian (冰片, Dryobalarops aromatica Gaertner. f.), and zhen zhu (珍珠, pearl). The pill has been used as an anti-inflammatory agent. It also controls pain and treat symptoms such as sore throat and sensitive gums.

Longkui, 龍葵 (Solanum nigrum Linne)
Stem and leaves possess anti-pyretic, diuretic, ridding of toxin effects; being used in treatment of acute kidney inflammation, chronic bronchitis, throat cancer, larynx Cancer, uterus cancer. Raw fresh part of plant and unripe fruit are poisonous. If eaten, the symptoms include: dilated pupils, dizziness, nausea, dry mouth and tongue, loss of ability to talk, loss of consciousness. In serious cases: spasm of the abdomen, vomiting, diarrhea, paralysis of the respiratory system and death.
(Source: Dictionary of Chinese herbs)

Mudanpi, 牡丹皮 (cortex moutan; root bark of Paeonia suffruticosa Andrews)
Paeonol, an effective component of Cortex Moutan, has been proved to have a variety of effects including: anti-bacteria, anti-inflammation, relieving pain, anti-sensitive, strengthening the immune system. Clinical tests prove that it can inhibit the penetration of capillary vessel, so as to diminish inflammation and remove swelling. Study also indicates that paeonol has ataractic effect against muscle tissue and skin, so it can substitute anti-irritant and anti-inflammatory medicine used in skin and mouth. Also it has unique natural mint smell, so as to remove peculiar mouth smell. And it also can reduce pain and toothache when brushing. Dispelling wind and arresting pain. It can be used as pharmaceutical material of preparations for myalgia, rheumatic pain, neuralgia, coetaneous pluribus, etc.

Nuzhenzi, 女貞子 (Fructus Ligustri Lucidi, privet fruit)
There are two parts of nu zhen zi which are of medicinal value: the fruits and the leaves. The medicinal functions of the fruits include: regulate the immune system; anti inflammatory; anti cancer; having an effect on circulatory system; lower blood sugar; and anti oxidization.

The medicinal functions of the leaves are: resist general lack of oxygen; improve capillary circulation; and having an effect on the cardio-vascular system.
(Source: Dictionary of Chinese herbs)

Niuxi, 牛膝 (Radix Achyranthis Bidentatae)
The main componets of niu xi are: isocyasterone, 5-epicyasterone, sengosterone, cyasterone, amarasterone A and B, capiterone, poststerone, ecdysterone and precyasterone etc.
(Source: Dictionary of Chinese herbs)

Niuxi has been used to deal with weakness and pain in loin and knees, tight and spastic limbs, irregular menses, postpartum pain in abdomen due to blood stasis, blood in urine, physical injuries and difficulty in bending knees.

Pugongying, 蒲公英 (Herba Taraxaci Mongolici cum Radice, dandelion)
Functions include: promotes bile secretion; protects liver; inhibits staphylococcus aureus, streptococcus pneumoniae, pseudomonas aeruginosa, shigella spp., neisseria meningitidis, corynebacterium diphtheriae, mycobacterium tuberculosis, ECHO virus, and Leptospira; improves digestion; serves as diuretic and mild laxative.
(Source: Dictionary of Chinese herbs)

Qiong yu gao (瓊玉膏)
Ingredients of Qiongyugao include: ginseng, di huang (地黃, rehmannia), bai fu ling (白茯苓, poria), and honey. TCM texts say Qiongyugao is good for lung diseases, such as tuberculosis, and helps relieve dry coughing.

San Miao San or San Miao Wan (三妙散, 三妙丸)
San Miao San mean “Three Wonders Powder”. The formula can be dated as far back in history as around 1500s during the Ming Dynasty. The three ingredients of San Miao San are:
(1) Cangzhu (蒼朮, atractylodes lancea Thunb., A chinensis Koidz.).
The main content of cang zhu includes hinesol, ?-eudesmol,atractylodin and atractylon.
The functions of cang zhu are: for treatment of yeast infection and dries dampness and flatulence; strengthens digestion; expels wind-dampness; for diarrhea with vomiting; edema with fullness of the abdomen; induces sweating in patients unable to sweat; headaches, body aches, solar plexus pain, and pain in extremities due to wind-cold-dampness, and edema in lower limbs etc. Modern research also shows that it can lower blood sugar and expel sodium.
(2) Huangbo (黃柏, Phellodendro chinense Schneid.)
The main content of huang bo include: berberine (1.4%-5.8%), phellodendrine, magnoflorine, palmatine, obacunone, limonin etc.
Its traditional functions are to treat vaginal bacterial infection or yeast infection, bacterial infection of the bowel, and infectious jaundice, wet and smelly groin area; spermatorrhea; night sweating and boils and sores. Modern applications include acting as an antibiotic which inhibits Staphylococcus aureaus, pnumococcus, and Shigella dysenteriae; lowers blood pressure and blood sugar, as well as being anti-Trichomoniasis.
(3) Niuxi (牛膝, Radix Achyranthis Bidentatae)
The main componets of niu xi are: isocyasterone, 5-epicyasterone, sengosterone, cyasterone, amarasterone A and B, capiterone, poststerone, ecdysterone and precyasterone etc.
Niu xi has been used to deal with weakness and pain in loin and knees, tight and spastic limbs, irregular menses, postpartum pain in abdomen due to blood stasis, blood in urine, physical injuries and difficulty in bending knees.

Sha yuan ji li, 沙苑蒺藜 (Astragalus complanatus R. Br.)
To treat: spermatorrhea, premature ejaculation, achy loin, dizziness, frequent urination, enuresis vagina discharge, and neurasthenia.
(Source: Dictionary of Chinese herbs)

Shouwu 首烏, or He shou wu 何首烏 (Radix Polygoni Multiflori, Chinese knotweed)
Shou wu has been famous for its ability to turn grey hair into “black hair”. It’s also used in the treatment of hyperlipemia, neurasthenia, split personality, premature white hair, nerve injuries, skin wind rash, and constipation. Other functions include: treatment of eczema, sores, carbuncles, goiter, scrofula, inflammation of lymph nodes, spermatorrhea, vagina discharge, and vulvovaginitis.
(Source: Dictionary of Chinese herbs)

Tianma, 天麻 (Gastrodia elata Bl.)
The earliest account of tin ma was recorded in Shennong Bencao Jing (神農本草經, “The Herbal Encyclopedia of Shennong”), which is considered the oldest Chinese medicine text in history. The name(s) of author(s) have been lost through time but the book is believed to be at least 2200 years old.

The encyclopedia lists tian ma as being able to: treat aching of the brain; and to “calm one’s emotion” and to help people sleep. In modern times, tin ma has been used to treat hypertension, dizziness, headache, and somatic paralysis to name a few. Tin ma is also considered to be anti-epileptic, anti-arthritic with the abilities of calming emotions (and thus depression) and soothing pain.

It is mainly produced in Sichuan, Yunnan and Guizhou provinces. Other producing regions include Northeast China and North China. Nowadays, wild tin ma is rare and its prices are dear. Tin ma farms are abundant in China.
(Sources: Baidu Encyclopedia, Dictionary of Chinese Herbs)

Wuweizi, 五味子 (Fructus Schizandrae)
Fructus Schizandrae is a deciduous woody vine and is dioecious, meaning individual plants are either male or female, thus both male and female plants must be grown. It is very tolerant to shade. Its Chinese name comes from the fact that its berries possess all five basic flavours: salty, sweet, sour, pungent (spicy), and bitter.

Medicinally it is used as a tonic and restorative adaptogen with notable clinically documented liver protecting effects. The primary hepatoprotective (liver protecting) and immuno-modulating constituents are the lignans schizandrin, deoxyschizandrin, gomisins, and pregomisin, which are found in the seeds of the fruit.

Lignans schizandrins have been found to prevent liver damage, stimulate liver repair, and stimulate normal liver functioning. Schizandrins are claimed to inhibit and even reverse the destruction of liver cells by stimulating the production of cytochrome p-450 which is a protein involved in extramitochondrial electron transport in the liver. In another study, schizandrins have scavenging effects on active oxygen radicals.

In TCM, the wu wei zi:

* stops asthmatic cough
* treats spermatorrhea
* treats chronic hepatitis
* treats night sweats
* promotes saliva
* quenches thirst
* calms emotion and palpitation
* helps prevent insomnia
* helps prevent liver damage
* help liver to metabolize drugs
* improves efficiency of brain activities
* lowers blood pressure
* as an anti-oxidant
* as a tonic for shen (kidney)
(Sources: Wikipedia, Dictionary of Chinese Herbs, Beneforce, Level1Diet,)

Wuyao, 烏藥 (radix linderae, combined spicebush root)
Wuyao, Radix Linderae extract, has been proved to be analgesic and anti-inflammatory. The components of Wu Yao include: lindestrene (???), lindestrenolide (????, ??????), linderenol (???), linderoxide (???), isolinderoxide (????), linderenone (???)?Wu Yao is said to have the functions of calming breathing, killing pain.
(Source: Pharmacopeia Online)

Xianlingpi, ??? (Herba Epimedii, epimedium)
Xian ling pi has been used to treat impotence, spermatorrhea, frequent urination , forgetfulness, withdrawal, and painful cold lower back and knees. It’s also used for treating lower back pain, dizziness, and menstrual irregularity.
(Source: Dictionary of Chinese herbs)

Xianhecao, 仙鶴草 (Sanguisorba officinalis root)
Sanguisorba officinalis root has been used in TCM to stop bloody dysentery, nosebleeds, and is applied topically to treat burns and insect bites.
(Source)

Xiaoyao San, Xiaoyao Powder (逍遙散)
Mentha (薄荷, Bohe) is used with white peony root (白芍, Baishao ) and bupleurum root (柴胡, Chaihu) in the

Xiefengteng, ??? (Spatholobus suberectus vine)
Spatholobus suberectus is a traditional Chinese herbal medicine used to treat rheumatism, anemia, menoxenia, and other disorders.
(Source)

Yege or gegen, 野葛, 葛根 (Pueraria mirifica)
The compounds that make Pueraria mirifica so special and different from other phytoestrogen plants are miroestrol and deoxymiroestrol. These two compositions posses highest estrogenic activity among the known phytoestrogens, due to structural similarity to estradiol of the main human estrogen in women’s body.

Pueraria mirifica also contains other chemicals that belong to isoflavones, e.g. genistein, daidzein, daidzin, genistin and coumestrol that are usualy found in soybeans. However, the estrogenic activity of miroestrol is much more potent than that of soy isoflavones.

Miroestrol is the second most estrongenic plant compound on earth. Recently its metabolic precursor deoxymiroestrol has been found to be even more potent than miroestrol.

A dedicated Thai scientist who has studied the plant for over a decade was able to prove that 200mg and 100mg of Pueraria mirifica could make improvements to wide ranging menopausal symptoms such as hot flashes, frustration, sleep disorder, skin dryness, high blood cholesterol, oligomenorrhoea and amenorrhea.
(Sources: Kwao Kreu Kao; What is miroestrol?)

Zhimu, 知母 (Anemarrhena Rhizome)
This herb is the rhizome of Anemarrhena asphodeloides Bge. (family Liliaceae), grown mainly in the provinces of Hebei and Shanxi. Dug out in spring or autumn, dried in sunlight after cutting off the rootlets, sliced, and used unprepared or stir-baked with salt water. The herb has been used for treating:

  • hyperpyrexia, hectic fever
  • polydipsia
  • cough with thick yellow sputum and difficult expectoration
  • constipation

(Sources: TCMedicine, Healthphone)

Zicao 紫草 (radix arnebia, stoneweed)
Zi cao has been used in preventing measles, jaundice, purpura, vomiting blood, nose bleeding, bleeding in the urinary tact, diarrhea with blood, boils, erysipelas, eczema, burns, and constipation.
(Source: Dictionary of Chinese herbs)

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CM News’ glossary is still in the making….. You may also want to check out CMNEW”s compilation of Chinese-English terms on TCM.